All that is Gold
Your Gold Jewellery
The most impressionable aspect to a brides costume has to be her gold jewellery or traditionally known as the Gold set. Gold jewellery forms a vital, yet special significance that completes the bridal look. No Asian bridal outfit would be complete without the opulent jewellery and when it comes to Asian bridal jewellery the choice is 22ct gold.
Traditional sets for Asian weddings can cost anything from £3,000-£15,000 on average but costs can vary depending on the spending power of the families involved. Gold jewellery is described in terms of cartage (ct), which is the measure of gold content. Alternatively the gold content can be described in terms of fineness (assaying), this is the content expressed in parts per thousand. The price you will pay for your jewellery will depend on the gold content and how unique the design is and quality of workmanship.
When buying your jewellery always keep in mind the more elaborate the design of jewellery, the more expensive the piece of jewellery will be. Plain and simple designs will always cost less than carved, embroidered or embellished pieces made from one piece of gold alloy. Special alterations or adjustments to the size, design or fastenings will also affect the price. It is important you understand what you are buying and how much you are paying.
How much gold jewellery will I need for my wedding?
It is worth considering how much jewellery you can realistically cope with, as traditional Asian jewellery can range from the delicate to the very heavy. Only buy what you will wear and what you like and be careful not to go over the top. The traditional Rani Haar can weigh anything up to 2kg, combine this with even the basic accessories of earrings, bangles, rings and the bridal outfit can weigh between 4-10kg and you have the potential to make any bride feel uncomfortably heavy and hot.
Some people nowadays prefer to be discreet when it comes to gold jewellery and brides tend to go for more simple and delicate gold jewellery rather than bold and heavy. Although it is a matter of opinion it is not necessary that big and brash is beautiful. Our bridal culture has always seen brides wear gold jewellery; brides today are moving away from the traditional mandatory jewellery rules and are going for a more simple yet sophisticated look when choosing their jewellery.
While many women prefer to wear heavier sets during the main wedding ceremony, lighter jewellery or imitation set is preferred for other occasions such as engagements, pre and post wedding receptions. Think carefully before you rush out on a shopping spree and instead choose jewellery that can be mixed and matched with outfits for the various occasions during the year.
What should I be looking to spend on my jewellery?
22ct jewellery is by far the most popular although in some cases 24ct gold is preferred, white gold and diamonds are also increasing in popularity nowadays. The traditional Rani Haar set can cost on average £1,000-£2,000 depending on the design, quality, weight and the quality of workmanship. Rings, earrings and bangles can cost as little as £50 and go up to £5,000 or more depending on what you choose.
There is always the choice of wearing imitation (dress) jewellery at good prices. Some canny buyers nowadays are buying overseas in places such as Dubai, India, Malaysia and Singapore where the price of jewellery is cheaper due to lower craftsman ship costs. In some cases it will be cheaper to buy your jewellery but you really need to know what you are doing as the last thing you want is to be ripped off which isn’t going to make any wedding any easier.
Intricate designs that capture Indian fine art are eye catching, adding a touch of feminine elegance to the brides gold jewellery. With this in mind consider the wear-ability of the jewellery you are buying so that you get some use after the big day – so choose your jewellery with care. Although gold nowadays comes in a wide variety of colours ranging, from yellow, white, platinum or a mix, and an almost infinite range of designs; most will still choose traditional gold for their special day.
Should I insure my jewellery?
Insuring your jewellery is important, jewellery may be lost or stolen. It is wise to get expensive pieces valued and insured, it is a good idea to take photographs of your jewellery for identification and valuation purposes and if need be, the lost items can be re-made by the jeweller.
What are the main items of jewellery a bride needs?
Tiara – A smaller version of a crown, which sits neatly on the brides’ head and helps keep her heavy embroidered dupatta sit securely.
Jhumar – This piece of jewellery is worn by brides on the side of their forehead. Jhumar’s vary in size and come in a selection of delicate designs.
Tikka – The tikka is an essential part of the brides’ jewellery for her big day. It is designed in the shape of a chain running down the parting of the hair and sits on the forehead. A wonderful and popular piece of jewellery normally made of gold and set with diamonds and coloured stones.
Nath – Also known as a “Nose Ring” – usually in the shape of a small ring, which is fastened to the nose, some brides also choose to have a chain attached from the nose ring that sits across her face hooked above the ear.
Earrings – A small piece of gold usually centred with precious stones and fixed to the ear lobe.
Rani Haar – The Rani Haar (necklace) is the most stunning and beautiful piece of jewellery that the bride will wear. It’s designed as a long necklace and is made up of thick gold and is quite heavy in consistency.
Bangles – Brides tend to wear a set of bangles that are made up of glass on one arm which are colour co-ordinated with her outfit and a set of gold bangles on the other. Coloured glass bangles are often worn to add colour and to make the bride’s arms and hands look more beautiful.
Rings – Symbolising the union of man and woman, rings are an important feature in weddings of every culture and religion. Rings are worn by both men and women, and come in a range of designs in gold.
Ankle Bracelets –The anklet is fastened around the ankle that is a chain with small bells that make a small jingle when the bride walks.
How pure is Gold:
Pure gold is too soft for everyday use, so for durability, the gold used for jewellery is mixed or alloyed with other metals. The amount of pure gold in a particular piece of jewellery is measured in carats (ct) – 24 carats being pure (fine) gold.
Carats Fineness % Gold Info
24 1000 100 Pure Gold
22 916.7 91.67 The preferred choice for Indian Jewellery
18 750 75 Gold Alloys – the number 1 choice for luxury, quality and durability.
14 583.3 58.3 Popular in America / Europe but not in UK.
10 416.7 41.67
9 375 37.5
A unit of measure for the fineness of gold, equal to 1/24 part. We can roughly state that each Karat is equal to approximately 4.1625 percent. The difference of the other metal or alloys of the metal, gives the jewellery its hardness and colour.
24kt or 24k Gold jewellery, we mean that all the 24 parts in the gold are pure gold without traces of any other metal(s) or 99.9 percent pure.
22kt or 22k Gold Jewellery we mean that 22 parts of the jewellery, is gold and the balance 2 parts are some other metal(s) or equal to 91.3 percent gold plus 8.6 percent of some other metal alloy.
18Kt or 18k Gold Jewellery, we mean that 18 parts of the jewellery is gold and the balance 6 parts is some other metal or equal to about 75 percent gold plus 25 percent of some other metal alloy.
22 karat gold: Being 91.3 percent in purity and hence very soft and malleable, very intricate designs of gold jewellery with beautiful intricate designs can be made in 22 karat gold. Although soft compared to other metals, the 22kt gold jewellery does not get easily damaged, and can be worn for years, and still maintain its lustre and beauty. Note that most gold jewellery whatever the karat value does not get damaged by wearing, but rather gets damaged or broken by storing it improperly, jewellery when properly stored, in original boxes, and cleaned at regular intervals, will rarely break, damage or lose its lustre and beauty.
24 Karat is the softest and 10 karat the hardest, because 10kt would have 41.6 percent gold and the balance would be other metals which are mostly harder than gold. The colour from the other metals enhances the look of gold jewellery i.e.: white gold, yellow gold, red gold etc.
Gold has much higher density compared to other metals which are used as alloys, so the higher the purity of gold the heavier the weight of gold jewellery. For example a chain of same thickness will vary in weight if made in different karats of gold, it will be the lightest in 14kt and heaviest in 22kt gold, because 14kt has 58.3 percent gold compared to 22kt which has 91.6 percent gold.
Carat and Karat are not to be confused, Carat is not a percentage, it is rather a measure in which gemstones are weighed, and the word carat was derived from the carat seeds which were once used for measuring as they were mostly constant in weight. 1 carat or ct. is equal to about 200 milligrams or about 1/5th of a Gram. For example a huge 5 ct. pc of diamond would be just 1 gram in weight. (That is the reason why our precious and semi-precious stone gold jewellery is expensive compared to plain gold jewellery)
The tola is an old Indian unit of weight. It was the equivalent of the silver rupee issued by the British East India Company, at 180 grains, which equate to 11.6638038 grams, so:-
1 tola = 180 grains
1 tola [India] = 11.66 grams
1 tola [Pakistan] = 12.5 gram
1 tola = 0.375 troy ounces
Some Golden Nuggets:
- The scientific name for gold is Aurum, and its chemical symbol is Au – from Aurora, which means dawn.
- the term “gold” comes from an old Anglo-Saxon world ‘gelo’, or yellow
- There is only one stable isotope of gold. Over thirty-five other radioactive isotopes of gold have been artificially produced.
- The first suggestion of gold being used for decoration was in Eastern Europe in 4000BC. In 1500BC, gold was used for trade for the first time by the Ancient Egyptians, and was first legalised as money a thousand years later in China.
- King Croesus of Lydia created the first coins of pure Gold (540BC).
- Gold is perfect for use in coins and jewellery as it does not react with air or water like many other metals.
- Gold has been recycled ever since it was first discovered. Some of the gold in today’s jewellery is recycled from ancient artefacts and coins!
- The melting temperature of Gold is slightly lower than that of copper at 1945 ° F or 1063 ° C ( Iron is 2802°F and Copper is 1981°F )
- One of the heaviest metals, Gold is 19.3 times heavier than water.
- All the Gold in history could be placed in a cube measuring 65.5 feet.
- Gold will not oxidize, rust, tarnish, corrode, decay or deteriorate.
- Throughout history, gold coins were often used as money. These have largely been replaced by paper money.
- As pure gold is very soft, it is often combined with other things when making jewellery.
- The first discovery of gold in the United States was at the Reed Gold Mine near Georgeville, North Carolina in 1803.
- Some cars use gold for heat dissipation.
- Pure gold is non-toxic to humans and does not cause any irritation when ingested. In fact, some alcoholic drinks contain metallic gold. Compounds of gold, such as gold chloride, are toxic to humans.
- Gold can cause allergies on the skin. This allergy affects more women than men.
- Great achievements are often rewarded with gold- such as gold medals in the Summer and Winter Olympic Games.
- It is able to conduct electricity and heat
- In 1968, gold was made the official state mineral of Alaska.
- In gold reserve, the United States ranks first in the world. However, if you include gold ornaments, then India will grab the top spot, twenty percent of the gold used as decoration in the world, was used in Indian saris.
- On the surface of the Earth, the greatest concentration of gold is in ocean, it’s estimated at around one hundred million tons. Unfortunately, so far no one has found an effective method to extract gold from the ocean.
- Outside the lunar module of the United States “Apollo” airship was coated with gold foil, with the aim to protect astronauts from radiation. Even now, the helmet worn by astronauts is still coated with a thin gold membrane to protect astronaut’s eyes from intense light.
- the largest gold nugget ever found weighed 195 pounds
- The term Bullion applies to either coins or bars.
- One ounce of Gold can be drawn into a wire 50 miles long.
- Gold is made into a large number of different bars of different weights. The most well known are the large ‘London Good Delivery Bars’ which are traded internationally. These weigh about 400 Troy Ounces, i.e. 12.5 kg/ 27 lbs. Each. Others are denominated in kilograms, grams, troy ounces, etc. In grams, bars range from 1 g up to 10 kg. In troy oz, from 1/10 tr.oz. up to 400 tr.oz. Other bars include tola bars and Tael bars.
- The term Bullion applies to either coins or bars.